Increment and Decrement Operators
Adding or subtracting 1 from a variable is a very common
programming practice. Adding 1 to a variable is called incrementing
and subtracting 1 from a variable is called decrementing.
increment and decrement operators work only with integer
variables -- not on floating point variables and not on literals.
the execution of the prefix and postfix is under Java
control -- nothing you can do will change the order of execution --
parentheses will not force an early execution:
num = (((x--)))* count; //still
decrements x last.
a limitation with using the increment or decrement
operator is that the variable being operated upon can only be incremented or
decremented by the value ONE. If you need to increment (or
decrement) by a larger (or smaller) value, you
must use statements like
j += 2; or
value -= 5;
be careful when combining increment and
decrement operators inside expressions with logical operators. If in
doubt, don't use them together. For example, do NOT use:
if (( a = = 9 ) || ( b != ++k))
(k may not be incremented due to the short
circuiting of the OR when (a = = 9) is TRUE).
if (( a = = 9) || (b != k))
i = i + 1 may look WRONG mathematically, but to a
computer it means "take what is in variable i, add one to it, and
put it back in variable i. Computers always
look on the right side first. Remember, it is an assignment statement.
All are the same:
i = i + 1;
i += 1;
increment or decrement occurs before
the variable's value is used in the
remainder of the expression.
increment or decrement occurs after
the variable's value is used in the remainder of the expression.
Be careful when
using increments within a print line.
c is incremented AFTER the printing occurs.
c is incremented BEFORE the printing occurs.